Breast reduction also known as reduction mammoplasty is a plastic surgery that is used to remove the excess breast fat, skin and glandular tissues so as to achieve a breast size and shape that is proportional to the body. Breast reduction helps in alleviating the discomforts associated with large breast.

Large breasts can cause both health and emotional distress to women. A woman may consider breast reduction surgery if she has physical discomforts associated with overly large breast. These discomforts include backache, poor posture, neck pain, excessive sweating and skin infections under the breasts, inability to exercise and having grooves on the shoulders from bra straps. Common complaints from women with large breasts include finding it difficult to take part in sports, not able to wear fashionable clothes and psychological distress.

An overview of breast reduction surgery

During breast reduction surgery, a surgeon makes incisions on the breast so as to remove the excess skin, fat and glandular tissues. Before making incisions, anesthesia is administered for comfort during surgery. After removing the excess fat and skin, the nipple is repositioned and the underlying breast tissues is shaped, reduced and lifted. To close the incisions, sutures, surgical tape and skin adhesives are used to close the skin and support the newly shaped breasts. The incision lines are permanent but may fade away in some cases and significantly improve overtime.

What to expect after breast reduction surgery

Immediately after breast reduction surgery, gauze is placed over the closed incision and the entire breast is supported by a special surgical bra or wrapped using an elastic bandage.

Most women experience breast pain within the first few days while milder discomforts are expected for a week or longer. Swelling and bruising may last for several weeks. To reduce pain, the doctor will prescribe some pain relievers while swelling will be reduced by supporting the breast using a surgical bra.

After surgery, you will need to avoid vigorous activities and exercises for 3 to 4 weeks but you can resume your normal activities within a couple of weeks after breast reduction. After healing, incision scars will be visible but they will fade with time though they will not disappear completely.

Risks associated with breast reduction surgery

The most common risks associated with reduction mammoplasty include;

  1. Unevenly positioned breasts or nipples
  2. Inability to breastfeed after surgical breast reduction. However depending with the type of reduction made, some women may still be able to breastfeed.
  3. The surgical procedure leaves visible scars on the breast depending with the type of incision made.
  4. Loss of feelings to the breasts or nipples which may last for a few months. Sometime depending with the professionalism of the surgeon, the nerves of the breasts may be tampered with leading to permanent loss of feelings to the breast.

Preparing for breast reduction surgery

Before undertaking breast reduction procedure, it is important to;

  • Discuss with a qualified surgeon on the possible outcome and risks involved
  • Get laboratory tests to evaluate your health condition
  • Stop smoking for at least two weeks prior to surgery since smoking interferes with the healing process
  • Avoid taking anti-inflammatory drugs, aspirin and herbal supplements. These drugs and supplements may increase bleeding during surgery.
  • Choose a surgeon you can trust

Breast reduction results

Breast reduction surgery results are long-lasting. The minimized breast size will reduce the physical limitations and pain experienced prior to breast reduction. The new breast shape will boost your self-confidence and enhance your self-image.

Now, if you’ve had a breast augmentation surgery gone wrong, then it is not a reduction that you are looking for. A breast augmentation revision Chicago is what you would need.